The Sultanate of Oman is one of the safest countries in the world and is located in the extreme southeast of the Arabian Peninsula, the so-called “Horn of Arabia.” Oman includes deserts, oases in river beds and a long coastline along the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman Rimal Al Wahiba is a dune area inhabited by Bedouins, and its capital, Muscat, is home to the imposing modern Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque and the old Matrah district with its labyrinthine souk and bustling fish market.

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The country occupies a strategic position at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, bordering the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west and Yemen to the southwest, bordering Iran and Pakistan. , A special feature is the exclave Musandam on the Strait of Hormuz. Surrounded by the United Arab Emirates, it belongs to the Sultanate of Oman. In the north and in the south rise mountain ranges, which is preceded by a narrow strip of coast. It is therefore particularly interesting for geologens because it provides information about the eventful history of Oman, which has lasted for millions of years. For example, the northern Musandam peninsula was formed of limestone, which was created in the Mesozoic era. In the south Musandam to the northern edge of the Jebel Akhar then occur deep rocks such. Dorit and rocks of volcanic origin like basalt – the same rock formations found on Masirah Island.

The first high culture originated about 5,000 years ago, when copper was mined in the mountains of Oman. The incense later brought prosperity to the south of the country. After the peaceful arrival of Islam in the 7th century, a period of intense trade began, which over the next few centuries made the country one of the most important powers on the Indian Ocean. After Oman was almost completely isolated from the outside world for more than 100 years since the 19th century, this changed in 1970 with the seizure of power by Sultan Qaboos. He gently led the country into modern times. So it is possible today to visit many cultural legacies that have fallen victim to the modernization fury in other Gulf States.

Luxury Travel Oman. Oman – wild and casual. Experience unforgettable moments. Barefoot luxury, active and relaxed. Travel like Dr. Julia Malchow.

WOW MOMENTS OMAN

GLAMPING AS IN 1001 NIGHT

Glamping stands for Glamourous Camping and allows you to spend one or more nights in exclusive Bedouin tents in the middle of the Ottoman desert. You sit back, look at a crystal clear starry sky, listen to the silence, away from any everyday hectic or a hotel operation.

FEEL THE WIDE OF THE DESERT …

Desert, nothing but desert. Feel the warm wind on your face, let your eyes glide over the sand, A seemingly endless expanse extends in front of you. Sand, nothing but sand. Only you, as a couple or as a family explore the fascination desert.

A MOUNTAIN TOUR WITH A SURPRISE …

Climb in your harness and begin the steep climb, along the mountain wall, below the ridge, Via Ferrata. After crossing the via ferrata, follow the path steadily down into the wadi, past one of the most spectacular mountainous landscapes, to the village of AlKhutaymi, hidden in a cave in the Wadifoot soil. Climb into a natural pool in the “Green Mountain” and treat yourself to a refreshing swim before you start your way back.

OPERA RELOADED

Opera, ballet in the desert? That’s fine.! The Royal Opera House Muscat is a beautiful example of the modern architecture of Oman. It hosts world-class shows and brings artists from all over the world to Oman.

THE HEAVY FORCE EXCEEDED

Many of Oman’s breathtaking attractions are off the beaten track Whether desert dunes, bathing or exploring a wadi, off-roading is one of the best ways to truly experience some of Oman’s most exciting areas, especially the desert dunes.

TO DINNER LIKE A BIRD

You stand at the edge of the mountain range in Zighy Bay, where you look down, see the bay from 960 feet, enjoy the beautiful views and the vastness. You take a deep breath and think only of your dinner, which awaits you at the booth after the landing.

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Season / Weather / Climate

The climate in the Sultanate of Oman differs from region to region. In Oman, the weather is very hot all year round. The coastal region in the north is characterized by mild winters with daily average temperatures of about 25 degrees, and hot, dry summers, in which the thermometer can rise to over 40 degrees. The feeling of heat is enhanced by the Gharbi, a hot fall wind from the Oman Mountains. The temperature fluctuations between day and night are kept close to the coast. The as thermometer therefore remains relatively high even at night in summer. The humidity is consistently high throughout the year, while the rainfall of 100 mm per year is quite low. In the northeastern Hajar mountains, the winters are rather cool, while the summers are warm and humid. Temperatures often fall below freezing in the winter months. The precipitation, which reaches a total of 400 – 500 mm, then often consists of snow. In summer, the daytime and nighttime temperatures fluctuate strongly, the average temperature during the day reaches up to 30 ° C. The interior of the country consists of a very dry desert area. Winters are mild with daytime temperatures around 25 ° C. In summer, the highest temperatures in the country can be reached at over 50 ° C. As usual in the deserts, the day and night values ​​fluctuate considerably and the humidity is significantly lower than on the coasts. In the south of Oman there is almost a tropical climate. Winter temperatures range between 20 and 28 degrees. In the summer it is hot, but mostly bearable with values ​​around 30 degrees, but hardly sink at night. In the summer months, it rains in the south due to the monsoon with 400 – 500 mm abundant and provides in the midst of the greatest heat for a green landscape. The humidity increases significantly, which leads to fogging and occasional drizzle. From the climate Oman shows that October to May, better still November to March, are an ideal and pleasant travel time. In the Dhofar one can, with certain restrictions, also in the time of the summer monsoon between June and September travel. If you still want to travel in the summer, you should do the same as the Omanis and stay as little as possible outside the sphere of influence of an air conditioning system.

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Language

The official language is Arabic, as well as Iranian (Baluchi and Persian) and Indo-Aryan (Urdu) languages. Indian languages ​​are becoming more and more common. Commercial language is English. Part of the population speaks a Swahili dialect, as spoken in East Africa and Zanzibar. The south and west of the country also speak some New South Arabian languages.

To eat and drink

A unified Omani cuisine does not exist. Since the barren Omani soil could not contribute to a variety of food, the kitchen of the country has long been characterized by foreign products. From Asia or Africa come above all many spices: cinnamon, cardamom (also for tea or coffee), saffron, turmeric (turmeric), cloves, and rose water. Nevertheless, there are also some local dishes. Traditional Omani cuisine revolves around two main dishes: Shuwa and Biryani. Shuwa, a lamb that has been cooking slowly in the earth oven for two days, is a festive meal that only exists during the Eid al Adha, ie at the Islamic sacrificial feast, at the end of Ramadan and a lunar month after Ramadan. An opportunity for the family to gather together and eat together on cushions sitting on the floor. The leitmotif is called: sharing. Plates do not exist, everyone makes use of the large, overflowing plates in the middle of the circle.

In the past, inland reliance was mainly on dates, limes, rice and bread, while the coastal population also had fish available. Today, refrigerated transport also supplies remote regions with fresh fish and vegetables every day. The meat is varied. The menu includes goat, chicken, lamb and camel meat. However, the latter are slaughtered only on festive occasions or on religious holidays. As in other Arab countries, it is common in Oman to eat with the fingers of the right hand. Overall, the culinary offer is very diverse. Especially in Muscat you dine European, Asian, African and of course Arabic. Some restaurants or restaurants also have an alcoholic license.

Population

The settlement of the Ottoman region is estimated to date back over 50,000 years. Where these early inhabitants originally came from is still unknown. The majority of the population belongs to two main fractions. The Hinawi and the Ghafiri. Both factions predominantly practice the Muslim faith.

Oman is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Most inhabitants live in the north on the coastal regions, another conurbation forms the region around the city of Salalah in the south of the country. The rest is largely uninhabited. In 2016, 78% of the population lived in cities. 5% of the population still live as nomads. Between 1994 and 2004, the population grew by 17.5%. The increase in population growth in recent years was mainly due to the influx of foreign workers.