Zimbabwe Lake Karina: The dammed Lake Kariba is in the north of Zimbabwe, along the border to Zambia and has a larger volume than any other man-made lake. Matusadona National Park rises from the southern shore of the lake and is an area of approximately 135,000 hectares. It is said to have the second largest density of lions, second only to that Tanzania Ngorongoro crater.
The decision to dam the Zambezi in the Kariba Gorge was made in 1954 with the aim of creating a lake the size of Wales, whose power could be harnessed in a hydroelectric power station.
The region of today Matusadona National Park, along a large part of the southern shore of the lake, was declared a non-hunting area on November 7, 1958, about a month before the construction of the dam by Italian contractors.
The area was declared a game reserve in 1963, and in the years before that, a man led a team who made phenomenal efforts to relocate the animals that were scattered by the rising water.